Requirements of Certificate

Hello, I am a bit confused about certificate requirement. In the blog by Kudzai Manditereza
NOV 15, 2022 ( Getting Started with Raspberry Pi Pico W for IoT: Micropython and MQTT) did not required any certificate but in “Getting started with Arduino ESP8266” required certificate. Both used Free Cluster. So when to use certificate and when not to use it?

Hello @mohd

Welcome to the HiveMQ Community! The articles discuss two different devices and their respective implementation libraries, which might be confusing. Please let me know whether you have a Raspberry Pi Pico W or an ESP8266 so I can provide you with accurate information.

Kind regards,
Diego from HiveMQ Team

I have a Raspberry Pi Pico and want to program with Arduino IDE. Maybe after this I might try with ESP32.

Hello @mohd

Unfortunately, I don’t have a Raspberry Pi Pico to test this on. However, the following code works perfectly on my ESP32 device. Please give it a try and let me know how it goes.

#include <WiFi.h>  
#include <PubSubClient.h>
#include <WiFiClientSecure.h>

//---- WiFi settings
const char* ssid = "XXXXXXXXXX"; // replace with your WiFi SSID
const char* password = "XXXXXXXXXX"; // replace with your WiFi Password

//---- HiveMQ Cloud Broker settings
const char* mqtt_server = "XXXXXXXXXX"; // replace with your HiveMQ Cluster URL
const char* mqtt_username = "XXXXXXXXXX"; // replace with your Username
const char* mqtt_password = "XXXXXXXXXX"; // replace with your Password
const int mqtt_port = 8883;

WiFiClientSecure espClient;  
PubSubClient client(espClient);
unsigned long lastMsg = 0;
#define MSG_BUFFER_SIZE (500)
char msg[MSG_BUFFER_SIZE];
int value = 0;

// HiveMQ Cloud Let's Encrypt CA certificate (hardcoded)
static const char *root_ca PROGMEM = R"EOF(
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
)EOF";

void setup_wifi() {
  delay(10);
  // We start by connecting to a WiFi network
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  Serial.println(ssid);

  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);

  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }

  randomSeed(micros());

  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");
  Serial.println("IP address: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
}

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) {
  Serial.print("Message arrived [");
  Serial.print(topic);
  Serial.print("] ");
  for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    Serial.print((char)payload[i]);
  }
  Serial.println();
}


void reconnect() {
  // Loop until we’re reconnected
  while (!client.connected()) {
    Serial.print("Attempting MQTT connection… ");
    // MQTT client ID
    String clientId = "ESP32Client";
    // Attempt to connect
    if (client.connect(clientId.c_str(), mqtt_username, mqtt_password)) {
      Serial.println("connected!");
      // Once connected, publish an announcement…
      client.publish("testTopic", "Hello World!");
      // … and resubscribe
      client.subscribe("testTopic");
    } else {
      Serial.print("failed, rc = ");
      Serial.print(client.state());
      Serial.println(" try again in 5 seconds");
      // Wait 5 seconds before retrying
      delay(5000);
    }
  }
}

void setup() {
  delay(500);
  // When opening the Serial Monitor, select 9600 Baud
  Serial.begin(9600);
  delay(500);

  setup_wifi();

  espClient.setCACert(root_ca);
  client.setServer(mqtt_server, mqtt_port);
  client.setCallback(callback);
}

void loop() {
  if (!client.connected()) {
    reconnect();
  }
  client.loop();

  unsigned long now = millis();
  if (now - lastMsg > 2000) {
    lastMsg = now;
    ++value;
    snprintf (msg, MSG_BUFFER_SIZE, "Hello World! #%ld", value);
    Serial.print("Publish message: ");
    Serial.println(msg);
    client.publish("testTopic", msg);
  }
}

Kind regards,
Diego from HiveMQ Team